A sprain is a painful condition that occurs when a particular joint is overextended. Sprains may lead to slipping or even tear of the ligaments. Most common joints affected by sprains include wrist and ankle. Ankle sprain is very painful and takes longer to heal than sprains of other joints.
Symptoms of a sprain include swelling, pain, bruising and decreased ability to move the affected limb. There are numerous factors that make one more susceptible to the risk of sprains. Performing a physical activity without stretching or warming-up is one of the most common causes of sprains. Stretching helps increase blood flow to joints and make them more supple and flexible. Similarly, warming-up helps loosen the muscles. A physical trauma can also lead to the sprain of a particular joint. Certain sports such as basketball, football, baseball, cricket and judo may lead to anterior cruciate ligament of the knee.
A sprain can be diagnosed with an x-ray of the affected joint. In case of a tear in the ligament, an MRI is performed to get the correct diagnosis. Treatment of a sprain includes rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, application of ice to the sprain to reduce the swelling and use of dressings and bandages to immobilize the sprain.
There are numerous gels available on the market that help reduce the symptoms of sprains. Arkopharma Phytorhuma Gel is a popular brand that helps relieve painful joints, sprains and aches. It warms, renews and relaxes the muscles as well. Apply to affected area twice a day.