Aortic Dissection is a medical condition in which a small tear occurs in the inside layer of the aortic wall. The aorta is a large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the vital organs. Aortic Dissection is more common in men than women and it usually affects people aged 50 and above.
There are numerous factors that may lead to the aortic dissection. Over 60% cases are associated with high blood pressure. Other factors might include depression, physical trauma to chest, congenital abnormalities of the aortic valve, Turner syndrome, Marfan’s syndrome, pregnancy, syphilis, use of drugs especially cocaine and surgical complications.
The common symptoms of aortic dissection include chest pain, abdominal pain, abnormal pulse, nausea, vomiting, extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, night sweats, paraplegia, stroke, myocardial infarction, and congestive heart failure. Aortic Dissection is diagnosed with a chest x-ray, electrocardiogram, tomography aortic angiogram of the chest, echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment options include beta blocker medications for lowering the blood pressure and a surgical procedure for repairing the damaged part of aorta. Aortic Dissection can be avoided by consuming heart-healthy foods and diets low in sodium, performing a regular physical activity, avoiding stress, and taking a dietary supplement that helps maintain the normal blood pressure.
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